Cardiac Nurse Overview

  • What You Will Do: Provide professional nursing care for patients with cardiovascular disorders and interact with patients’families.
  • Where Will You Work: Typically cardiac nurses are primarily employed in hospitals, in cardiac intensive care or post-operative units. Other venues include clinics, cardiovascular centers, or home health agencies.
  • Employment Projections: Nursing is expected to be the fastest-growing professions, with growth projected at 16% – 23%. Nurses specializing in cardiac care are in high demand.
  • How Much Will I Earn: The median annual salary for cardiac nurses ranges from $46,000 to $106,000, with an average salary of $66,000 – $68,000.
  • Requirements to Become One: Become an RN, obtain experience in cardiac nursing, obtain certification as a cardiac nurse.

 Steps to Become a Cardiac Nurse

  • Earn Your RN: You must earn an RN degree from an accredited associate degree (ADN) or bachelor degree (BSN) program. Many hospitals prefer a BSN degree. To further advance as a cardiac nurse, a master’s degree (MSN) is recommended.
  • Pass the NCLEX-RN Exam: All RNs must pass the NCLEX-RN exam to obtain licensure to practice nursing.
  • Specialize in cardiac care nursing: On obtaining licensure, RNs seeking to specialize in cardiac care must first gain professional nursing clinical experience working with patients with cardiac disease.
  • Obtain Cardiac-Vascular Nursing Certification: You must have a minimum of 2 years professional nursing experience, with a minimum of 2000 hours of clinical experience in cardiovascular care within the past 3 years. You must also document 30 hours of specialty related continuing education within the last 3 years.

How Do I Become a Cardiac Nurse?

The first step toward becoming a cardiac nurse is to become a Registered Nurse, earning an associate (ADN) or bachelor of science degree (BSN) from an accredited nursing program. It is important to note that many employers prefer at least a BSN. After graduation, you must obtain RN licensure by taking the NCLEX-RN examination in your state. Once you have achieved licensure, you will need to obtain professional nursing clinical experience in cardiac nursing.

 To be eligible to obtain Cardiac-Vascular Nursing Certification (RN-BC) certification offered by the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) you  must:

  • Hold current, active RN licensure
  • Have a minimum of 2 years full-time professional nursing experience
  • Have a minimum of 2,000 hours of clinical practice in cardiac-vascular nursing within the last 3 years.
  • Have completed 30 hours of continuing education in cardiac-vascular nursing within the last 3 years.

Certification is valid for 5 years, after which it must be renewed by meeting the renewal requirements in place at the time of renewal, such as specialty-related professional development and practice activities. If this is not possible, the certification exam must be retaken.

Similarly, the American Board of Cardiovascular Medicine offers two levels of cardiovascular nursing (CVRN) certification:

  • CVRN Level 1 for Non-Acute Cardiology Care
  • CVRN Level 2 for Acute Cardiology Care

Eligibility requirements include:

  • Current, active RN licensure
  • A minimum of 2 years experience providing professional nursing care in a specialty-related setting.

This certification is valid for 3 years. Recertification requires 30 hours of cardiology-related continuing education. If this is not possible, the certification exam must be retaken.

The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses offers further certifications; Cardiac Medicine Certification (CMC), and Cardiac Surgery Certification (CSC), for nurses who have a nationally recognized nursing specialty certification. In addition to a specialty certification, eligibility requirements include:

  • Current, active RN licensure
  • Professional practice for 1,750 providing direct care to acutely/critically ill adults, during the previous 2 years. Of those hours, 875 hours must be in providing care to acutely/critically ill adult cardiac patients (CMC), or for cardiac patients within the first 48 hours following surgery (CSC)

Additional Ways to Earn Your Nursing Degree

Where Do Cardiac Nurses Typically Work?

Cardiac nurses typically work in the hospital setting, providing professional nursing care for critically ill cardiac patients in cardiac intensive care units or post-operative care units, caring for patients recovering from procedures such as bypass, angioplasty, or pacemaker surgery. Other potential employment venues include; cardiac catheterization labs, telemetry care, private clinics, home health agencies, correctional facilities, nursing homes, and the military.

How Much Do Cardiac Nurses Earn?

Nursing, in general, is identified as one of the fastest growing professions in the US in terms of salary, with a projected growth of 16% +, much higher than the national average. Specialty certification can increase earnings significantly; Payscale.com quotes a median annual salary range of $46,000 to $106,000 for cardiac nurses, with an average salary of $66,000 – $68,000. This is dependent on the job, and the geographical area. Salaries are generally higher in urban areas, however, the cost of living is typically higher, as well. In addition, bachelor’s prepared nurses tend to earn higher salaries than nurses with associate degrees. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics the top five states for general nursing salaries are (range 96,470 – 81,380);

  • California
  • Hawaii
  • Alaska
  • Oregon
  • Massachusetts

Cardiac Nurse Programs

At the undergraduate level, specialty-related education consists of continuing education activities, such as conferences or online CEU providers.

Becoming a cardiac nurse practitioner or clinical specialist requires earning a master’s degree in nursing (MSN). The typical program consists of offering an APRN sub-specialty in cardiovascular nursing, or post-graduate certificate or fellowship programs. Some examples of universities offering a cardiology advanced practice nursing (APRN) sub-specialty or post-graduate certification include:

What is a Typical Cardiac Nursing Curriculum?

Continuing education at the undergraduate level focuses on broad range of related topics, including;

  • Dysrhythmias and EKG interpretation
  • Cardiovascular system anatomy and physiology
  • Assessment and diagnostic tests
  • Hematology
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • AV node ablation

At the graduate level, nurses typically begin with pursuing an MSN as an Acute Care Nurse Practitioner (ACNP) or Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP). Some programs do include a sub-specialty for cardiac nursing, or a post-graduate certificate or fellowship program beyond the MSN. These programs focus on aspects of cardiovascular disease management, including;

  • Cardiovascular diagnostics
  • Interventional cardiology
  • Cardiac health and performance
  • Electrophysiology
  • Vascular disease
  • Structural cardiac disease
  • Advanced cardiac disease failure
  • Adult congenital cardiac disease
  • Cardiothoracic surgery
  • Cardiac transplantation
  • Advanced pharmacology

The Role of the Cardiac Nurse in the Healthcare Provider Shortage

 The Bureau of Labor Statistics cites that employment for nurses will increase at a rate of 16% by 2024. There is a national shortage of nurses in general related to the Baby Boomer population entering retirement, and the increased health needs of the growing aging population. It is projected that the South and West will be hardest hit by the nursing shortage. The 12 states expected to have the most acute shortages are; Florida, Georgia, Texas, Virginia, Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada and New Mexico.

Given that cardiac disease in one of the leading causes of mortality in the U.S., and with advances in cardiac care technology and the growing elder population, nurses specializing in cardiovascular care are in high demand. Employment opportunities are expected to expand, making this specialty a very stable career path for professional nurses.

 Cardiac Nurse Resources

References